History of Roman Glass Making
Glass making was invented in the ancient times, well before the Roman Empire. It has a very long history. Since approximately 1500 BCE colored glass was made in Egypt and Syria (Mesopotamian Empire). As the Roman Empire became fully established and expanded, Romans absorbed the technologies of the people they conquered, modified them and made them their own. “Roman” glass blowing techniques were further developed and spread. With the invention of the blowing pipe technique, glass making was completely modernized and glass could be freely shaped by hand. Under the reign of the first Emperor Augustus (1st century BC) glass-making became an important industry in the Roman Empire. Glass bottles were widespread in the ancient Roman Empire and were used for oil, perfume, kohl and a whole range of other cosmetics, medicines, and ointments. It was also affordable for middle-class citizens and large quantities of glassware were made.